About Kalhana Academy
The "KALHANA ACADEMY" - as the nomenclature itself proposes, is named after the very first and the illustrious historian "KALHANA", who wrote the prestigious "RAJTARANGINI-The river of kings". This distinguished academy also endeavors the fostering of exceptionally accomplished bureaucrats. The curriculum of the civil services is very extensive as it is the most august service in India .Lakhs of students aspire to be a civil servant and in today's era of plagiarism, it is very easy to digress and lose the "linchpin" of the course. In this meander, one is led by MR. RASHID YASIN, the founder of the Kalhana Academy. He has been illuminating the pathway of the civil services aspirants since 2008. Under his pedantic and visionary guidance, numerous students have thrived. Our esteemed pedagogue specializes in history as he is MASTERS IN HISTORY from the renowned JAWAHARLAL NEHRU UNIVERSITY.
As one begins this journey of the civil services preparation, many disappointments and collapses are bound to come in the way. Our mentor, here, succours the student under his insightful guidance. Every individual has a potential unrevealed in himself/herself that we , at this academy try to nourish. This exam is not only concerned with academics but also with the holistic magnetism and temperament of a civil servant.
Our director tries to monitor each step, every progress and failure very meticulously so that no stone is left unturned. Every student's "Achilles heel" is well examined and thoroughly dealt with so that they come out with flying colours. He puts his best in inculcating and enhancing the confidence of the students so that they are more driven towards achieving the zenith. He is a true architect in this field, an epitome of simplicity and a genuine historian. Our academic head facilitates the students in all three indispensable fields-Reading, Writing and speaking.
He is a mentor, a counselor, a teacher, an educationist, a facilitator contributing to the nation building process by creating eminent and patriotic civil servants. He has been unrelentingly serving the students through all these years with all his zeal and fervor. Every student has his/her diverse challenges before them to conquer and our chief head very subjectively tries to resolve them.
"As a good teacher is like a candle-it consumes itself to light the way for others"
Our chief mentor stands beside the students through their thick and thin to make them attain their ambition.
The scientific method of historiography in India started with a prominent Sanskrit writer of Kashmir, Kalhana, who flourished during the 12 th century AD. This expert wrote a comprehensive work on Kashmir entitled as Rajtarangini or 'The River of Kings'. This elaborate work is divided into 8 broad sections (tarangas) that includes 7826 verses. The first three sections cover history of Kashmir from pre-historical phase till 11 th century. The most distinctive feature of this work is the perfect chronology spanning over a long time which was un-precedented.
The sections numbering IV, V and VI are more authentic as they mention about the rulers who were contemporaries of Kalhana. These sections include the history of KARKOTA and UTPALA dynasties in a perfect chronological order. In the last two sections, Kalhana has mentioned about minor rulers of Kashmir till 1150 AD, even though these accounts of Kalhana have been disputed by scholars but it is still considered to be a major break-through in the writing of history.
Kalhana had mentioned about the greatest ruler of ancient India, Ashoka, who ruled over Kashmir in third century B.C. However, this information is not accepted because Ashokan edicts have not been found in Kashmir and it has been established that 14 Major Rock Edicts of Ashoka were located in the frontier region. At the same time Kalhana had mentioned about Kanishka and the 4th Buddhist Council patronized by Kanishka in Kashmir. Kalhana also mentioned about the establishment of Srinagar as a prominent city by Kanishka. These facts are taken as authentic by scholars due to a large territorial extent of Kanishka which even included considerable parts of Central Asia. It cannot be denied that Kalhana's Rajtarangini provided a benchmark for subsequent scholars to narrate historical events in a chronological order.
After the death of Kalhana in 12th century, Second Rajtarangini was written by another scholar Jonaraja. This work is also known as DVITIYA RAJTARANGINI and it mentions the events of Kashmir from 1150 AD to 1429 AD. In this Rajtarangini, Jonaraja followed the approach of Kalhana and mentioned about the most progressive ruler of Kashmir ZAIN-UL- ABIDIN (1420-1470 A.D.) According to Jonaraja, Zain-ul- Abidin was a highly tolerant monarch and stopped religious conversions and even prevented slaughtering of animals. However Jonaraja mentions only 9 years of reign of Zain-ul- Abidin as he died in 1429AD.
Afterwards, the 'third' or TRITIYA RAJTARANGINI was written by another expert SRIVARA. In this Rajtarangini, the events of Kashmir have been narrated from 1429 AD to 1486 AD. In all these works, the achievements of Zain-ul- Abidin have been mentioned till his death in 1470 AD. In this Rajtarangini, it is mentioned that Zain-ul- Abidin was a great warrior who conquered TIBET (Central Asia) which was termed as TIBBET-I- KHURD. From the time of Zain-ul- Abidin till British period, Tibet remained integrated with Indian territory. He constructed a dam on river Wular that came to be known as Zaina Lake. On account of such step Zain-ul- Abidin is termed as Akbar of Kashmir. After the death of Srivara, 'Fourth or CHATURTH RAJTARANGINI' was written by another expert Suka. He has mentioned history of Kashmir from 1486 AD to 1586 AD. He has mentioned that in 1586 AD Kashmir was finally annexed by Mughal Emperor Akbar. This marks an end of separate identity of Kashmir and it began to be mentioned along with other provinces by the Mughal historians.
In this way, the trend of Rajtarangini came to an end but it left an indelible mark on Indian historiography that was replicated by medieval scholars.
About Rashid Yasin
Mr Rashid Yasin has completed his graduation in History from the Centre for Advanced Study, Aligarh Muslim University (AMU). He has completed his post-graduation in History from the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). He has been University Topper in graduation and post-graduation. Mr. Rashid Yasin has been teaching and guiding civil service aspirants since a decade with commitment because he knows the nuances of this examination very well from his personal experiences into the services. He wishes to continue guiding the students with all his zeal for the preparation of History (Optional) and General Studies (G.S.) at KALHANA ACADEMY.